Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the research, identification, prevention and treatment of tumours and cancers. The abnormal growth of mass in any part of the body is called tumour, they can be cancerous or noncancerous. The primary action of an Oncologist is to diagnose tumours via biopsy, endoscopy, X-ray, CT scanning, MRI, PET screening, ultrasound or other radiological method. Nuclear medicines can also be used to diagnose cancer.
The Oncology Department or Department of Cancer Medicine at RMI is an established department providing services to the patients of KP, Punjab and Afghanistan. It provides diagnostic and treatment facilities for the cancer patients, both outdoors & indoors. Our services are at par with the other renowned centers of the country.
RMI's Oncology department is in close collaboration with other units in the hospital like surgery, medicine, ENT, gynecology and pediatric units, histopathology, radiology and intensive care unit, all under one roof. The department of Oncology in RMI is well staffed. It has qualified medical doctors, trained, and properly educated pharmacists, nurses, and paramedical staff.
Patients who want to seek medical advice are examined, investigated as facilities such as advanced Radiology and Histopathology are available and manned by qualified personnel. Once the diagnosis of Cancer is made, the patient is discussed in multidisciplinary meetings and treatment such as Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy and Palliative therapy are devised.
Facilities for inpatient care are available. Collaboration and cooperation with other government and non-government institutions are also in place.
Diagnostic services for all types of cancers are available at RMI. The department in collaboration with radiology and pathology department carries diagnostic procedures. Patients do not have to go outside RMI for tests and samples, RMI provides full diagnostic services within the hospital premises.
There are two types of patients that come to RMI for medical assistance
1. Patients already diagnosed with cancer
After clinical examination of these patients, necessary investigations are carried out for staging purpose.
2. Undiagnosed patients
Cancer suspects after their clinical examination and necessary investigations biopsy is done by the respective department and are sent to the histopathology department where histopathological examinations along with various tumor marker studies are carried out.
Once the diagnosis is confirmed. Staging workup is done with the help of C.T scan and MRI. Then these cases are discussed in the MDT where the consultants of other specializations like histopathology, radiology, surgery, medicine and oncology perform investigations and prepare for staging according to patients’ age and stage of disease.
At RMI we use radiology unit for staging purpose ultra sound and C.T guided biopsy, pleural effusion & ascetic tap are also done. For external radiotherapy, at present we refer them to the concerned hospitals. We hope to serve these services at RMI in future.
- Acute Leukemia
- Chronic Leukemia
- Hodgkins Disease
- Carcinoma Testis
- Non- Hodgkin Lymphomas
- Head & Neck Cancers
- Esophagus Cancer
- Stomach Cancer
- Colorectal Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer
- Gynecological Cancer
- Pediatric Cancer
- Urinary Bladder Cancer
- Prostate Cancer
- Gall Bladder Cancer
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Liver Cancers
There are two ways to treat cancer patients:
Patients who need surgical management are referred to the respective departments.
Combined chemotherapy is given to the patients according to the international treatment protocols for chemotherapy. Before every chemotherapy course, the necessary laboratory investigations are carried out. The patients whose chemotherapy is of short duration are treated as outdoor patients. Those whose chemotherapy is of long duration or days are admitted.