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Nephrology

Nephrology

The Nephrology department at RMI is specifically dedicated department for diagnoses and treatments of diseases treated to kidney and urinary system. We have specialized doctors available in the clinics for outpatient services and staff for the inpatients. 

 

Treatment Facilities: 

  • Well-equipped unit with a 22-bed ward 
  • Renal Transplant Surgery 
  • Renal Transplant Biopsy 
  • Renal Transplant Work-up & Follow-up 
  • Cyst Aspiration 
  • Hemodialysis 

 

Common Diseases treated in Nephrology Department: 

Acute kidney injury, which used to be called acute renal failure, is sudden kidney failure that happens in a short period- within few hours or few days. Fortunately, it is more commonly reversible than chronic kidney failure.

Reasons: 

It happens because of a sudden blockage in kidney filtering system or when the blood flow slows down due to some reasons, such as low blood pressure, too much pain killers, too much blood or fluid loss. It usually occurs to people in intensive care or older people.

Symptoms:

- Too little urine leaving the body
- Swollen legs, ankles, and around the eyes
- Weakness and breathlessness
- Chest pain or pressure
- Seizures or coma in severe cases.

Treatment:

The treatment for AKI depends on what caused it to happen. Most people need to stay in the hospital during treatment and until their kidneys recover.

While you are being treated for the problem that caused your AKI, you may also have treatments to prevent problems that can make it harder for your kidneys to heal. Some possible treatments include:

- Temporary hemodialysis to do the work that your kidneys should be doing, until they can recover
- Medicines to control the amounts of vitamins and minerals in your blood
- Treatments to keep the right amount of fluid in your blood

Kidney problems can develop suddenly (acute) or over the long term (chronic). Many conditions, diseases, and medicines can create situations that lead to acute and chronic kidney problems. Acute kidney injury, which used to be called acute renal failure, is more commonly reversible than chronic kidney failure.

Symptoms: Hyperphosphatemia

A collection of symptoms that causes the glomeruli (blood filtering organs) to swell and become infected. 

Symptoms: 

- Urinary infection with pus and blood in urine. 

- Pain in pelvic region and kidney area in abdomen 

- Difficulty urinating with burning sensation. 

- Frequent need to urine 

Uropathy is damage to the tissues of urinary tract because of any disorder or traumatic damage. Nephropathy is damage to any small vessels, capillaries or filtering units of kidney.

Kidney transplant surgery carries a risk of significant complications, including:

  • Blood clots and bleeding
  • Leaking from or blockage of the tube (ureter) that links the kidney to the bladder
  • Infection
  • Failure or rejection of the donated kidney
  • An infection or cancer that can be transmitted with the donated kidney
  • Death, heart attack and stroke

Hypertension (defined as a blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg) is an extremely common comorbid condition in diabetes, affecting ∼20–60% of patients with diabetes, depending on obesity, ethnicity, and age.

A condition in which the tissues in the kidney become inflamed and have problems filtering waste from the blood. Glomerulonephritis may be caused by infection, inflammatory conditions (such as lupus), certain genetic conditions, and other diseases or conditions.

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