Hip and Knee Joint Replacement

Hip and knee replacements are among the most common and successful operations performed around the world. Osteoarthritis, which causes diminished function and quality of life, is the most common reason for hip and knee replacement. 

Hip and Knee Joint Replacement
14 June 2022

Rehman Medical Institute conducts a weekly live session to highlight and create awareness about different health-related issues. This week's topic of discussion was Hip and Knee replacement. Joint pain is most common among elders In Pakistan. To create awareness on this topic, Dr Ghulam Atiq was invited as a guest speaker, who has extensive expertise in this field.



Osteoarthritis is a degenerative form of arthritis marked by the deterioration of cartilage that softens and helps joint balance movement, most often in the hip and knee. It results in pain, swelling, rigidity, and a reduction in movement and function. In affluent countries, osteoarthritis is among the top 10 most disabling diseases According to World Health Organization statistics, 10% of men and 18% of women over 60 years old in the world have symptoms of osteoarthritis, which can be mild, moderate, or acute.


Causes of Osteoarthritis

The immune system malfunction that leads the body to attack its own tissues in the joints is thought to be the cause of most arthritis. This could be a hereditary trait. Obesity puts an additional load on joints. Activities that need a specific joint to move in a repetitive manner Prior joint damage, such as from a sports injury If you smoke and don't get enough exercise, you're more prone to develop arthritis. Excessive consumption of alcohol An unhealthy diet plan


  • initial pain
  • swelling in a joint
  • redness and warmth in a joint
  • stiffness or reduced movement of a joint
  • tiredness
  • weight loss
  • pain attacks and knee burn
  • activity limitation



How is Replacement Done?

Total joint replacement is a surgical technique that involves removing portions of an arthritic or diseased joint and replacing them with a prosthesis or implant made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The prosthesis is meant to mimic the native joint's form and mobility. A joint replacement is undertaken only when more conservative therapies such as medicines, physical therapy, and injections have failed.


What does the RMI Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery offer?

RMI's Orthopaedic Department treats a wide range of orthopaedic and trauma-related issues. Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgeons handle this section and are highly competent and well trained. It features the most significant and most up-to-date equipment for all types of bone and soft tissue procedures. Our department is proud to have one of the country's top specialised orthopaedic surgeons, who has performed countless successful surgeries involving joint replacement, bone and soft tissue tumours, and all types of fractures.