The overwhelming stress and fear for the uncertainty that the future holds is known as anxiety. Occasional anxiety differs from Anxiety Disorders as this includes General Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, and phobia related disorders like agoraphobia, i.e., the fear of open or crowded places where escape becomes difficult. Anxiety makes a person non-functional and easily overwhelmed, making the most trivial tasks appear very difficult. Usually, social situations trigger and worsen anxiety disorders.
What causes Anxiety Disorders?
Genetics and environmental factors contribute to the development of Anxiety Disorders. These disorders are more likely to occur if a person has faced trauma during their early development age. Certain medications or health-related issues such as problems of thyroid gland can also cause or aggravate anxiety.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms may vary with the type of disorder, but some common signs of an anxiety attack are:
- Increased heart rate
- Sweaty palms & perspiration
- Difficulty in breathing
- Lack of concentration/restlessness
- Trembling or shaking
These symptoms may seem highly relatable however these symptoms are intense amongst people with Anxiety Disorders. This is why occasional panic attacks are not considered as a disorder.
Anxiety disorders are not entirely curable however Psychotherapy sessions and prescribed medications can significantly help get things under control. Mental health is usually overlooked and not considered as necessary as physical health however perceptions need to change and mental health awareness needs to increase in the society. We recommend visiting our Psychiatry Department at RMI for mental health support and therapy sessions with our Psychiatry and Psychology experts.
Dr. Hooria Rashid
Consultant & Assistant Professor