Peshawar is the capital and the largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Peshawar holds tremendous historical, military and political importance due to the Khyber Pass which has been a vintage point as a gateway for invaders of the subcontinent.
Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit word 'Pushpapura', meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar's flowers were even mentioned in Mughal Emperor Babur's memoirs. It has an area of 74,521 km² (28,773 sq mi) and a population of about 4 million. The KP capital is divided into three sections, the old city, cantonment and a modern residential area.