congenital Heart Surgery
A child’s heart is a muscle about the size of his or her fist. The heart works like a pump and beats 100,000 times a day. Congenital Heart Defect (CHD), also known as a Congenital Heart Anomaly or Congenital Heart Disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
Approximately 50,000 infants in Pakistan are born with Congenital Heart Defect every year and almost 25% of them need immediate surgery in the first year of their life.
CHD changes the normal flow of blood through the heart. There are many types of CHD. They range from simple defects with no symptoms to complex defects with severe, life-threatening symptoms. CHD is the most common type of birth defect.
Many of these defects are simple conditions. They need no treatment or can be easily fixed. The treatment a child receives depends on the type and severity of his or her heart defect. Other factors include child’s age, size, and general health.
Some of the common CHD are following:
1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
2. Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA)
3. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
4. Hypoplastic Heart Syndrome
5. Transposition of the Great Vessels
6. Tetrology of Fallot
The defects mostly require surgical correction. It is very important to address it at an appropriate age to have the best outcome. Our mission to cure these defects continues.